Propane Vehicle Challenge


Competition goals were to develop advanced propane vehicle technology, achieve ultra-low emission vehicle (ULEV) standards, attain a minimum range of 250 miles, and demonstrate performance equal to or better than that of an equivalent gasoline-fueled vehicle.


  • For the first time, an award was given for the best component to the University of Texas at El Paso for the development of fuel-distribution spiders.  This was a novel fuel-rail design that ensured equal distribution (temperature and pressure) of liquid-phase LPG to each fuel injector.
  • One of the evaluation tests included a road rally from Windsor to Toronto, about 250 miles, without refueling.
  • University of Windsor achieved ULEV standards in 1996.
  • Texas Tech University beat the acceleration of the standard gasoline-powered minivan in 1996 by .05 seconds, with their acceleration time taking 11.52 seconds.
  • Illinois Institute of Technology achieved 20 MPG, exceeding the fuel economy of a standard minivan.
  • GMI Engineering & Management Institute achieved LEV standards in 1996.
  • University of Texas at El Paso achieved an estimated range of 716 miles upon refueling.
  • The University of Alberta, Edmonton achieved the best fuel economy when they achieved 22.8 MPG (31.2 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (mpgge).